Law of Causality (Cause and Effect)


You know what Causality is because you live this every day.   When you go tot the Doctor, you want to know what is causing your discomfort (the effect of something being wrong).  What is it that cause one thing to influence another.   The entire study is critical to science.  

Theory of Evolution’s Claim:

Definition of Causality: (from Wikipedia)

Causality – describes the relationship between causes and effects. It is considered to be fundamental to all natural science, especially physics, and has an analog in logic. It is also studied from the perspectives of philosophy, computer science, and statistics.

The most abstract form of the argument from experience is: (1) Do something and get a certain result. (2) Do not do it and do not get the result. Hence, a cause is both sufficient (1) and necessary (2) in order that the event happen.

Furthermore, there are several dimensions that Aristotle found in his scientific inquiry of the subject of causality.  He used a famous illustration of creating a statue out of a block of stone:

  • Material Cause – the material cause of the statue is the stone.  If you don’t have the stone there is no statue.  You can’t just say, “Let there be a statue.”  You need something physical from which to create the statue.
  • Efficient Cause – the cause that cause that actually brought about the change from the raw block of stone to a beautiful statue.  This is the activity of the sculpture who did his artistic work to shape and form.
  • Formal cause  – Did the sculpture attack the stone and a sculpture evolve?  This is the form or idea in the mind of the sculpture.  A form it would take, form in his mind or the sketch on the paper that the statue would take. 
  • Final Cause – the purpose that the statue was made.  Created to beautiful some museum, garden or something.
  • Instruments of Causality – the instrument that the sculpture used to shape the stone.  The chisel and hammer were used as tools to shape the statue.  The means used to cause the effect desired.

Understanding the above, we ask what is the instrumental cause of evolution?

Law of Science’s Position:

Everything that happens has a proportional cause. We know this law and we live it every day. We look both ways before crossing the street to make sure there is no car coming (no cause) to avoid a deadly effect of being run over. We judge a criminal’s guilt based on this law when we look at the muddy rug at the front door and then look at our child’s muddy shoes after he tells us, “I don’t know.” Our question to him was, “Do you know how the rug got so muddy?”

Simply living cells cannot come out of rocks and chemicals without a cause. Some force or mechanism performed this work. Thing don’t just happen in science. Science measures, observes and reproduces the experiment to demonstrate the law, theory or hypothesis. Religion says: “It just happened or God did it.”

Choose Between:

Scientists have not found any violations of this law up until the Theory of Evolution was proposed.